AIHA Internet Resources Digest
WHO Medicines—Rational Use
- Establishment of a multidisciplinary national body to coordinate policies on medicine use
- Use of clinical guidelines
- Development and use of national essential medicines list
- Establishment of drug and therapeutics committees in districts and hospitals
- Inclusion of problem-based pharmacotherapy training in undergraduate curricula
- Continuing in-service medical education as a licensure requirement
- Supervision, audit and feedback
- Use of independent information on medicines
- Public education about medicines
- Avoidance of perverse financial incentives
- Use of appropriate and enforced regulation
- Sufficient government expenditure to ensure availability of medicines and staff.
Health Action International (HAI) Africa is a growing regional network of consumers, NGOs, health care providers, academics and individuals in more than 20 countries in Sub-Saharan Africa promoting increased access to essential medicines, the essential medicines concept and the rational use of both modern and traditional medicines.
Primary emphasis is placed on measuring the use of medicine using standardised indicators and then understanding the behavioural aspects of medicine use, particularly the beliefs and motivations of providers and consumers and the barriers to behaviour change, before designing and assessing interventions.
ReAct - Action on Antibiotic Resistance
ReAct acts as a forum for ideas, debate and collaboration between diverse stakeholders. It believes change will depend on engaging with social movements, civil society, community and consumer organizations, academia, health policy reformers and those individuals, networks or institutions that generate and analyze health-related knowledge and catalysing interaction between them on the issue.
The Resource Center includes a selection of more than 400 published articles, reports and web tools to facilitate action on antibiotic resistance.
Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems (SPS) Program
The RPM Plus Program followed in 2000, expanding on the original program to support a massive scale-up of treatment programs for infectious diseases around the world. Beginning in 2007, USAID’s Strengthening Pharmaceutical Systems (SPS) Program built on the achievements of RPM Plus to support successful national programs and adapt them for use in other countries. The SPS approach was comprehensive, aimed at strengthening health systems overall through initiatives across the health care spectrum, including governance and financing. Today, with renewed focus on empowering host countries and improving metrics for success, the SIAPS Program continues the USAID legacy of improving pharmaceutical management for better health outcomes.
This project will become a comprehensive, easy-to-use and accessible resource for a broad audience that is engaged, or interested, in health advocacy, activism, civil society capacity building, or public health outcomes of the medicines market.
Preservice curriculum reform is a costeffective and sustainable intervention that leads to broader health system strengthening. It provides students with a critical foundation of knowledge and skills and develops their competency to practice in the real world. SIAPS has developed a document on Revising Preservice Curriculum to Incorporate Rational Medicine Use Topics: A Guide. The document describes a stepwise process to add RMU components to preservice training curricula and includes several tools and templates. It also provides actual examples of curriculum reforms carried out in resource-constrained settings to include RMU, AMR and pharmacovigilance topics.
Essential Medicines Teaching Resources
WHO Department of Essential Medicines and Health Products (EMP) produces different educational resources that can be used by teachers. Some are produced as a departmental activity covering all aspects of Essential Medicine. Some training courses have been developed by technical units.
- Promoting Rational Drug Use (English)
- Promoting Rational Drug Use (French)
- Promoting Rational Drug Use in the Community
- Drug and Therapeutic Committee (DTC) Training Guides
Teaching the Rational Use of Medicines to medical students: a qualitative research
The discipline teaches future prescribers to use a logical deductive process, based on accurate and objective information, to adopt strict criteria on selecting drugs and to write a complete prescription. Most students considered the discipline very good due to the opportunity to reflect on different actions involved
in the prescribing process and liked the teaching methodology. Former students report that although they are aware of the RUM concepts they cannot regularly use this knowledge in their daily practice because they are not stimulated or even allowed to do so by neither older residents nor senior medical staff.
- Open Access Initiatives
- Resources on Pediatrics
- Patient Information Services
Health Resources Digest, December 2012 - Resources on Complimentary and Alternative Medicine
About the AIHA Internet Resources Digest
The Internet Resources Digest — previously called the Health Resources Digest — is distributed free of charge as a service of the American International Health Alliance’s Learning Resources Project thanks to the generous support of the American people through the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The Learning Resources Project is implemented through AIHA’s HIV/AIDS Twinning Center Program, which is funded through a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).
The Internet Resources Digest is compiled by Irina Ibraghimova, PhD, Library and Information Management Specialist
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