August 2013 - Internet Resources Digest


Open access initiatives

AIHA Internet Resources Digest 
Supporting Access to the High Quality Online Resources

August 2013 

Spotlight on: Open access initiatives

Spotlight on: Open access initiatives

Open access (OA) is the practice of providing unrestricted access via the Internet to peerreviewed scholarly research. It is most commonly applied to scholarly journal articles, but it is also increasingly being provided to theses, scholarly monographs, book chapters, and entire books. OA can be provided in two ways:

Green open access self-archiving: Authors publish in any journal and then self-archive a version of the article for gratis public use in their institutional repository, in a central repository, or on some other open access website. What is deposited is the peer-reviewed postprint – either the author's refereed, revised final draft or the publisher's version of record.

Gold open access publishing: Authors publish in an open access journal that provides immediate open access to all of its articles on the publisher's website. (Those may be articles for which their authors or their author's institution or funder pay an open access publishing fee).

International Initiatives and Projects

Enabling Open ScholarshipEnablingOpenScholarship

EnablingOpenScholarship (EOS) is an organisation for universities and research institutions worldwide. The organisation is both an information service and a forum for raising and discussing issues around the mission of modern universities and research institutions, particularly with regard to the creation, dissemination and preservation of research findings.

The aim of EOS is to further the opening up of scholarship and research that we are now seeing through the growing open access, open education, open science and open innovation movements.

Membership is available to approved institutions and individuals who have an interest in furthering the aims of the organisation: that is, to support activities in this forum for raising and discussing issues around the mission of modern universities and other research institutions, particularly with regard to the creation, dissemination and preservation of research findings. Associations are welcome as collaborators but will not normally be eligible for membership. EOS membership is for senior institutional managers who have an interest in, and wish to help develop thinking on, strategies for promoting open scholarship to the academy as a whole and to society at large.

The EOS website is a resource open to all. It provides background information, data and guidance material on open scholarshiprelated issues: university open access policy examples, resources on open access policy formulation, briefing papers, guides and presentations.

Electronic Publishing Trust for DevelopmentElectronic Publishing Trust for Development

The Electronic Publishing Trust for Development (EPT) was established in 1996 to facilitate open access to the world scholarly literature and to support the electronic publication of reviewed bioscience journals from countries experiencing difficulties with traditional publication.

The Trust focuses on the biological sciences: including infectious diseases, public health, tropical medicine, biodiversity, environmental and agricultural sciences.

The main activities of the EPT are to:

  • provide awareness of the benefits of electronic publishing
  • maintain the EPT Blog to highlight developments
  • support open access (OA) initiatives and make them known to developing country scientists and publishers
  • transfer e-publishing and OA technology through supporting workshops, training and online resources
  • support management and distribution activities
  • provide e-publishing and OA advocacy through articles, presentations, workshops

The web-site includes news and links to OA resources.

Open OasisOASIS

Open Access Scholarly Information Sourcebook (OASIS) aims to provide an authoritative ‘sourcebook’ on Open Access, covering the concept, principles, advantages, approaches and means to achieving it. The site highlights developments and initiatives from around the world, with links to diverse additional resources and case studies.

The online content is intended to provide training and resources for anyone or institutions who wish to provide open access to their research publications. The objectives are:

  • to increase the number of trainers and centres of expertise worldwide
  • to expand the knowledge base of open access implementation
  • to share resources and best practices
  • to demonstrate and record successful outcomes of OA around the world

Users are encouraged to share and download the resources provided, and to modify and customize them for local use. Resources include: news from the community, guides, presentations and overviews. Most materials were posted in 2010/2011

OADThe Open Access Directory

The Open Access Directory (OAD) is a compendium of simple factual lists about open access (OA) to science and scholarship, maintained by the OA community at large.

By bringing many OA-related lists together in one place, OAD makes it easier for everyone to discover them, use them for reference, and update them. You can browse the table of contents , browse the table of categories, or use the search box .

OAD is a wiki -to help you just register and start editing. The OAD is hosted by the Graduate School of Library and Information Science at Simmons College (Boston, US) and supervised by an independent editorial board.

Open Knowledge RepositoryOpen Knowledge Repository Partnership Program

The World Bank’s Open Knowledge Repository (OKR) was launched in April 2012 and is the institution’s official open access repository for its research and knowledge outputs.

The Office of the Publisher at the World Bank is creating a pilot program targeted at exploring interoperability with open access institutional repositories in Africa. The goal of the pilot program is to exchange technical expertise on how the content in a repository can be exposed to be more discoverable and re-usable. The World Bank is currently looking for institutions that are interested in participating in the pilot program.. Contact information is available at:

PLOS The Global Participation InitiativePLOS The Global Participation Initiative

To accelerate the pace of discovery, PLOS aims to remove existing barriers that prevent scientists from sharing, finding, learning from, and building upon the shared scientific body of knowledge.

It has been a long-standing policy at PLOS to offer reductions or waivers of publication fees. To supplement and expand this program they have turned attention to global authors by setting publication fees in two groups. For those publications where the funders are in group #1 PLOS will offer publication in its journals free of charge. For those in group #2 they offer publication at the flat fee of $500. These groups will be reviewed on an annual basis.

EPrints for Digital RepositoriesEPrints for Digital Repositories

Opensource EPrints software provides a Web-based Institutional Repository and is established as the easiest and fastest way to set up repositories of open access research literature, scientific data, theses, reports and multimedia.


Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) is an association of repository initiatives. Launched in October 2009, COAR now has a membership of over 100 institutions worldwide from 35 countries and 4 continents. Its mission is to enhance the visibility and application of research outputs through a global network of open access digital repositories.


OpenDOARThe Directory of Open Access Repositories – OpenDOAR

OpenDOAR is an authoritative directory of academic open access repositories. The current directory lists more that 2300 repositories and allows breakdown and selection by a variety of criteria. OpenDOAR is being developed and maintained by the University of Nottingham as part of a portfolio of work in Open Access and repositories under the SHERPA umbrella.

Users of the service are able to analyze repositories by location, type, the material they hold and other measures. The key point about OpenDOAR is that this information is of use not only to users wishing to find original research papers but also for third-party service providers, like search engines or alert services, who need easy to use tools for developing tailored search services to suit specific user communities.

Institutional Repository SearchInstitutional Repository Search

You can search across 130 UK academic repositories and find documents most closely matched to your search terms and conceptually linked to your search results.

Registry of Open Access RepositoriesRegistry of Open Access Repositories

The aim of ROAR is to promote the development of open access by providing timely information about the growth and status of repositories throughout the world. It includes information on more than 3400 repositories . You can search by country, repository type, software used. ROAR is hosted at the University of Southampton, UK.


About Open AccessAbout Open Access

  • What is Open Access?
  • Who benefits from Open Access?
  • Putting Open Access into Practice

Debating Open AccessDebating Open Access

Debating Open Access is a collection of a series of 8 newly commissioned articles reflecting on the challenges and opportunities for humanities and social sciences open access publ ishing practices. Edited by British Academy Vice-Presidents Professor Nigel Vincent and Professor Chris Wickham the collection demonstrates that there is still much work to be done in ensuring that government policies to mandate open access publication do not damage the quality and reputation of UK academic research .The collection includes contributions from experts across the spectrum of humanities and social sciences research. Published: July 1, 2013

Advocacy: How to hasten open accessAdvocacy: How to hasten open access

Three advocates for a universally free scholarly literature give their prescriptions for the movement's next push, from findability to translations.

NATURE, Volume: 495, Pages: 442–443
Date published: (28 March 2013)

The Future of Publishing. Nature Special Issue

“After nearly 400 years in the slow-moving world of print, the scientific publishing industry is suddenly being thrust into a fast-paced online world of cloud computing, crowd sourcing and ubiquitous sharing. Longestablished practices are being challenged by new ones – most notably, the openaccess, author-pays publishing model. In this special issue, Nature takes a close look at the forces now at work in scientific publishing, and how they may play out over the coming decades ...”

Self-Archiving FAQ

Ten years on from the Budapest Open Access Initiative: setting the default to open

„The problems that previously held up the adoption and implementation of OA are solved, and the solutions are spreading. But until OA spreads further, the problems for which OA is a solution will remain largely unsolved. In this statement, we reaffirm the ends and means of the original BOAI, and recommit ourselves to make progress. But in addition, we specifically set the new goal that within the next ten years, OA will become the default method for distributing new peer-reviewed research in every field and country.“ September 12, 2012

Guide to Institutional Repository Software

“Universities and research centers throughout the world are actively planning the implementation of institutional repositories. Such planning entails policy, legal, educational, cultural, and technical components, most of which are interrelated and each of which must be satisfactorily addressed for the repository to succeed.”

Institutional Repository Bibliography

The Institutional Repository Bibliography (IRB) presents selected English-language articles, books, technical reports, and other scholarly textual sources that are useful in understanding institutional repositories.
Also includes information about IR software.

Open Access Initiatives in Africa — Structure, Incentives and Disincentives
Williams E. Nwagwu. The Journal of Academic Librarianship, Volume 39, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 3–10.

Special Issue on Open Access “Building open access in Africa is imperative not only for African scholars and researchers doing scientific research but also for the expansion of the global science and technology knowledgebase. This paper examines the structure of homegrown initiatives, and observes very low level of awareness prevailing in the higher educational institutions and research institutes, organizations and governments. Increasing penetration of internet as well as growing proficiency in its use account for any evidence of OA movement in the region. The absence of interest and willingness of governments and policy makers to take a role in building the movement in the region makes any observed progress a fragmented one.” Free full-text.

AIHA Internet Resources Digest Forthcoming Topics [Provisional]

  • Telemedicine
  • Open Access Initiatives
  • Patient Information Services

AIHA Related Resources

Electronic Health Care/Medical Libraries on the Internet

Internet Resources Digest, November 2012 - Resources on Authorship Skillls

About the AIHA Internet Resources Digest

The Internet Resources Digest — previously called the Health Resources Digest — is distributed free of charge as a service of the American International Health Alliance’s Learning Resources Project thanks to the generous support of the American people through the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). The Learning Resources Project is implemented through AIHA’s HIV/AIDS Twinning Center Program, which is funded through a cooperative agreement with the US Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA).

The Internet Resources Digest is compiled by Irina Ibraghimova, PhD, Library and Information Management Specialist, HealthConnect International ( The contents are the responsibility of AIHA and do not necessarily reflect the views of PEPFAR, HRSA, or the United States Government. If you have a suggestion for a Digest topic, or would like to contribute information about Internet resources, please contact ibra[at]

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